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凤凰文化传媒博客

镇江教育民间智库创立者 张风雷

 
 
 

日志

 
 
关于我

张风雷ZhangFenglei 江苏省镇江市人。男,生于1967年6月。祖籍江苏丹徒。大学本科文化。代表作《张斋夜谭》(上下册,台海出版社)。

网易考拉推荐

2012高考英语阅读思维重现法则  

2016-02-05 09:49:01|  分类: 子女教育 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |
2012高考英语阅读思维重现法则
英语满分体系

无线索
                       1、题干无线索的推理  2、判断题
题干


               答案    选项
               主旨靠  定位
               有线索



精确线索                     模糊线索  用不同的词、不同的结构表达但和原文一样的内容
 
(数字、大写、专名、显性逻辑关系)                 1全文反复重复的内容
                                                   2题干与原文貌离神合
题干定位原则                   与主旨靠        3使用原文的近义结构
1数字、大写、专名        原文找意思一样的内容     主-- -被  人---物
2逻辑关系  因   果      选项定位                 真---虚   陈述---倒装
手段   目的                           4使用原文、原词、原结构
条件   事实                           5使用原文的反说
3成分定位                                      6使用原文的上义词、下义词、同一范畴词
4主旨靠                                        7使用原文的总结归纳
5找意思一致内容                                8使用原文的分说例证
大忌:(只定位个别词、忽视题干、逻辑、成分)   

1 内容相似  都排除
  目前,高考英语选择题只能选取一个正确答案!
54. It can be inferred from the passage that___.
A. no drugs have been found to treat the disease
B. the alternative treatment is not easily available to most people  A=B
C. malaria has developed its ability to resist parasites
D. nobody knows what will be the drug to treat the disease

2 内容相反  取其一
有一大汉,想进某屋. 门上并未加锁,但他久推不开,弄得满头大汗.
后面传来一位小姐轻轻的声音:“先生别推,请向后拉!”
大汉真的向后一拉,果然门就轻轻地开了. 大汉奇怪地问:“这门上并没有写拉字,你怎么知道是拉门的呢?”
小姐答:“因为我看到你推了半天,门还不动,那就只有拉了!”
41.We can learn from the text that__________.
A. email is less popular than the fax service    
B. the postal service has over the years become faster   B> <C
C. the postal service has over the years become slower
D. the fax service has a history as long as the postal service does
74. We can learn from the text that the driver needs to stop for a break when his response time
   is _____.
    A. about 400 milliseconds                   B. below 500 milliseconds  B> <C
    C. over 500 milliseconds                    D. about 4 minutes
73. The underlined phrase “the most vocal” in Paragraph 3 means __________.
    A. those who try their best to win
    B. those who value competition most highly
    C. those who are against competition most strongly  B> <C
    D. those who rely on others most for success
80.The last paragraph implies that RFID technology           .
A.will not be used for such matters as buying milk
B.will be widely used, including for buying milk   A> <B
C.will be limited to communication uses
D.will probably be used for pop music
63.According to the passage, listening only with ears may happen to us when____
    A) we are emotionally tired
    B) we are physically disabled    A> <C
    C) we are so interested in the topic
D) we are asked many questions

72.Q: There is unlikely any life on Venus because______.
A.it has very thin atmosphere
B.the surface temperature is too hot   B> <C
C.the weather is too cold
D.it is extremely short of water

3 结构相似   取其一(有众多相同的词)

70. According to the study of Brown Medical School, ______.
A. more than 6 million Americans distrust doctors
B. only 1/10 of medical websites aim to make a profit
C. about 1/10 of the websites surveyed are of high quality    B≈C
D. 72% of health websites offer incomplete and faulty facts
E.
72. According to the text, Driver Alert _____.
A. aims to reduce tiredness-related accidents    
B. has gone through testing at laboratories  
C. aims to prevent drivers from sleeping        A≈C
D. has been on sale for 12 months

69. When people suffer from Alzheimer”s disease, _______. 
A. their families and friends will suffer from the same disease 
B. their families and friends will experience mental sufferings   A≈B
C. they will certainly die in 8 to 10 years 
D. they will forget everybody but their spouses 

16. The rapid-transit rail lines should ______.
A. develop as quickly as possible              B. develop with local economic development   
C. develop after local economic development    D. develop with the construction industry
B≈C

4 相对、绝对项   取其一
74.According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?
A.Mountaineering is a match between climbers.
B.Mountaineering is similar to other sports in many ways.   C相对D绝对
C.Climbers work like a team when their lives may depend on a rope.
D.Climbers help each other in time of difficulty.

52.According to the passage, the new treatment_________.
A.can kill all the H1V viruses           A相对B绝对
B.cannot get rid of the viruses completely
C.can double the number of disease - fighting cells
D.can reconstruct the patient's immune system
What will people die of 100 years from now? If you think that is a simple question, you have not been paying attention to the revolution that is taking place in bio-technology(生物技术). With the help of new medicine, the human body will last a very long time. Death will come mainly from accidents, murder and war. Today's leading killers, such as heart diseases, cancer, and aging itself, will become distant memory.
     In discussion of technological changes, the Internet gets most of the attention these days. But the change in medicine can be the real technological event of our times. How long can humans live? Human brains were known to decide the final death. Cells(细胞) are the basic units of all living things, and until recently, scientists were sure that the life of cells could not go much beyond 120 years because the basic materials of cells, such as those of brain cells, would not last forever. But the upper limits will be broken by new medicine. Sometime between 2050 and 2100, medicine will have advanced to the point at which every 10 years or so, people will be able to take medicine to repair their organs(器官). The medicine, made up of the basic building materials of life, will build new brain cells, heart cells, and so on---in much the same way our bodies make new skin cells to take the place of old ones.
     It is exciting to imagine that the advance in technology may be changing the most basic conditional human existence, but many technical problems still must be cleared up on the way to this wonderful future.
56.According to the passage, human death IS now mainly caused by____.
A.diseases and aging         B.accidents and war
C.accidents and aging        D.heart disease and war
57.In the author’ s opinion, today’s most important advance in technology lies in____. 
细节题可根据提干关键字到原文中定位!
A.medicine        B. the Internet    C.brain cells       D. human organ
58.Humans may live longer in the future because_____.
A.heart disease will be far away from us
B.human brains can decide the final death
C.the basic materials of cells will last forever
D.human organs can be repaired by new medicine
59.We can learn from the passage that ____. 
推论在尾段,找不到就向中心靠拢,或找but句。
A.human life will not last more than 120 years in the future
B.humans have to take medicine to build new skin cells now
C.much needs to be done before humans can have a longer life
D.we have already solved the technical problems in building new cells
发现此细节题通过关键字无法定位,但57和59题都解决了,发现第二大段没出题或只出了一个题,按出题顺序,本问题58题应该定位在第二段。
通过选项中被动结构的容易是答案原则,可定位58题D选项容易是答案!然后划D项中的名词medicine和organs,到第二大段中去找。
发现medicine在第二大段中反复出现,即为中心词。当然就可以确定D是答案了!
首尾段首尾句,边做边看选项中与中心同现词或复现词!
扫描选项     同义词 / 同类词排除
                           高频答案词
                           相反项有解

                           同现
思路       瞻前顾后     复现                  
                           逻辑结构

                                                        
              左顾右盼    P原则
                          关联结构

技巧归纳: 感情色彩 时态暗示法 动词综合法(主语/宾语是人是物? 及不及物?过程还是结果?......), ...... (略) 共20多项法则,交叉都指向同一个答案才最准确!
满分策略: 五四运动法  串线交叉法  主线贯穿法, ......(略) 

中心同现是指段落的首段的中心词或段落中反复出现的名词或名词词组,在被选空格内的句子中也重复出现或与其意思倾斜向;词汇同现是指属于同一词汇搭配范畴或者某一领域的词汇在文章中共同出现,达到语义衔接的目的。一般来说,上下文中词汇的范畴越小,上下文的衔接关系越紧密。
首段首句一般都是中心句,名词是核对重点!
◆Then , mountain --- climbing began to grow popular as a sport. To some people, there is something greatly ___28____ about getting to the ___29____ of a high mountain: a struggle against nature is finer than a battle ___30____other human begins. And then , when you are at the mountain top after a long and difficult ____31____, what a ___32____ reward ( 奖品 ) it is to be able to look ___33___ on everything within ___34____! At such time , you feel happier and prouder than you can ever feel down ___35___.  与首尾句名词 动词 形容词 副词倾向!
28.A.excited      B. interested     C.dangerous       D.terrible   
32.A.surprising    B.excited       C.disappointing    D.astonishing 

◆Dorothy Brown was very happy as she sat in the theatre listening to the music. Today her little daughter Lauren was giving her ___1___ concert. She had been waiting for this __2__ for years and years. “Now it is here at last,” she thought. “How beautiful her ___3___ is.”
The song made her ___4___ to the days when she was Lauren’s ___5___. As a young ___6___, Dorothy wanted to be a concert singer. She studied ___7___ in France, Italy and in the United States. “You can become a fine ___8___ in the future,” her teachers told her. “But you must be ___9___ to study hard and work for many years. 
3. A. voice B. face C. dress D. life
7. A. French B. music C. piano D. dance
8. A. actress B. student C. singer D. dancer
K
抓住中心意思-----围绕什么话题 (在文章中出现频率最多的词)
◆Every Thursday afternoon, my art history class meets not in our usual lecture hall ( 演讲厅  ) but in our university Art Museum. We spend our one-hour class discussing two or there of the ___1___, many of which are by artists that we have already studied in class. The professor begins by selecting one ___2___ of art. After giving us a quick background on the artist , he will open up for class ___3___. 
1. A. subjects      B. paintings       C. speeches   D. lectures

宾语从句是特殊疑问句WH-或whether/if时,要选下列动词:
ask, doubt, wonder, want to know, know, guess

答题选动词:
〖2011?全国新课标卷〗The professor  37  the lecture hall, placed upon his desk a large jar filled with dried beans(豆), and invited the students to  38  how many beans the jar contained. After 39  shouts of wildly wrong guesses the professor smiled a thin, dry smile, announced the 40     answer, and went on saying, “You have just 41  an important lesson about science.
38. A.count         B. guess       C. report       D. watch
考察动词,或根据后文wildly wrong guesses的提示,考虑复现选B。
    
反过来选WH-或whether/if:
〖2011?安徽卷〗One afternoon. I walked into a building to ask  41  there were any job opportunities(机会),The people there advised me not to continue my job search in that 42 .
41. A. why         B. wherever       C. whether        D. whenever
一天,作者走进一座大楼去问“是否”(whether)有自己能做的工作。选C。A项为“为什么”;B项为“无论在那”;D项为“无论何时”

正面的,积极的,肯定的, 还是负面的,消极的,否定的?
◆“I’m sorry, but we have enough  27  for the newspaper already. Come back next year and we’ll talk then.” Jenna smiled  28  and left. “Why is high school so  29 ?” she sighed.
                                                叹气sighed说明是勉强的,选消极的weakly
28. A. widely       B. weakly       C. excitedly         D. brightly
◆Tired and sad,she told her story   38  ,not to anyone in particular.
38.A.tearfully    B.seriously C.carefully D.calmly

◆It seems funny that we are _40_ for things, with which we are unfamiliar or about which we are _41_, but we all, my friends as well as I, consider this one of life’s _42_ .
41. A. uncertain B. unhappy C. not pleased    D. careful 

〖2011?四川卷〗I truly feel that my mother led me here, to Morzaine, and to my future as a happy wife and businesswoman. When Mum   21  in October 2007, I was a cook.. In December that year. while I was working for a wedding, a pearl necklace Mum had left me   22  . I was distraught(忧心如焚的).Some days later, I was   23   that a guy who was working with us that day. “could probably have made a fortune  \24  he necklace he found.” 25  , he returned it. 
22.A. burned      B. disappeared     C . broke            D. dropped 
22空就近distraught(忧心如焚的)是负的,只有disappear是负的;burn燃烧;break打破;drop降低,落下。有后文的我感到“忧心如焚”及“归还”(return)可知此处是指项链丢失了。B

〖2011?安徽卷〗Nearly ten minutes later, he 45, He asked me about my plans and encouraged me to stay  46  . Then he offered to take me to Royal Oak to 47 a job. 积极的!
    I was a little surprised. but had a  48  feeling about him. Along the way ,I realized that I had 49  resumes(简历). Seeing this, the man 50 at his business partner’s office to make me fifteen 51  copies. He also gave me some 52 on dressing and speaking. I handed out my resumes and went home feeling very 53 . The following day, I received a 54 from a store in Royal Oak offering me a job.
46. A. silent          B. busy             C. positive           D. comfortable
他问了问我的打算,鼓励我要振作起来,不要灰心。选C。A项为“沉默不语的”;B项为“忙绿的”;C项为“积极乐观的,有信心的”;D项为“舒适的,舒服的”。
48. A. dull           B. good             C. guilty             D. general
作者对他的主动帮助感到有点惊奇,但是对他充满了“好感” (good feeling)。选B。A项为“阴暗的,无趣的”;C项为“内疚的”;D项为“一般的,普通的”。
53. A. lonely         B. funny             C. disappointed        D. satisfied
我分发完简历回到家感到非常“满意”(satisfied)。选D。A项为“寂寞的,孤独的”;B项为“滑稽的,可笑的”;C项为“失望的,沮丧的”。

〖2011?四川卷〗Some days later, I was   23   that a guy who was working with us that day. “could probably have made a fortune   24   the necklace he found.” 25  , he returned it. Hearing how I’d  26  Mum for six months before her death, he said, “Christmas is going to be  27  —why not go out to the Alps for a couple of weeks?
27.A.long           B. hard        C. merry            D. free
death.在27空附近是负的,B项对应。在万家团圆的圣诞节,母亲刚去世,对我来说一定很难熬。B
    drop落下,掉下; 丢下,扔下
(2011?全国新课标卷) “I remember feeling small and    54  ,” the  woman says,“and I did the only thing I could do.I  55    the course that afternoon,and I haven’t gone near science since.”    
55. A. dropped       B. started         C. passed         D. missed
(2011?湖南卷)My   37   came one morning when I was in the community library. I passed by a girl who   38   her books out of her locker .Thinking like most that someone else would help her pick them up, I continued my way.
38. A. took          B. dropped        C. got           D. pulled
不管备选项是什么词,最终的答案始终是dropped, 您可以再试试更早的高考真题,领悟会更深!当然也可以多试一些正规的市级以上的模拟试题,可能意想不到的惊喜在等着您!

eventually =finally =at last最后
(2011?湖北卷)Then after receiving a   41   from Saint Francis University, she got a job at an insurance firm and   42   started her own company.
42. A. gradually B. actually C. eventually D. naturally
(2009?北京)The day __50_ came when James counted his money and found $ 94. 32. He _51__ no time and went down to the shop to pick up the bicycle he wanted.
50. A. finally B. instantly C. normally D. regularly
(2008?山东)I would like to thank all of you who made the effort and  50  reported to work.It is always reassuring (令人欣慰),at times like these,when employees so clearly show their  51  to their jobs.Thank you.
50.A.hardly B.casually  C.absolutely   D.eventually
再试了这个后,你同样可以发现红花词还是我们总结的eventually 或finally,其他的都是绿叶词,欲想知道更多的一类秒杀高频答案词当然要预定2012吴军高频答案词一本通喽!

现在再看一下第二类高频答案词:realize 97%是完形答案,recognize是三类高频词,同时出现时要小心,应适当对比一下:
(2010?全国Ⅰ)Now I 51 that in marriages, true love is 52 of all that, The happiest people don’t 53 have the best of everything; they just 54 the best of everything they have .55 isn’t about how to live through the storm, but how to dance in the rain.
51. A. realize         B. suggest         C. hope           D. prove
(2008?四川)When I was a child,my desire to win  34  me well.As a parent,I  35  that it got in my way.So I had to change.
35.A.realized B.apologized   C.imagined     D.explained
(2010?北京)The shy, quiet freshman achieved success that year. I was   48   in the program as "Student Art Assistant" because of the time and effort I'd put in. It was that year that I   49   I wanted to spend the rest of my life doing stage design. 
48. A. introduced      B. recognized       C. identified            D. considered
49. A. confirmed      B. decided          C. realized             D. acknowledged
 2010?北京高考英语卷中recognized 和realized分别在不同的选项,当然各选各的啦!关键是他们有时会同时出现,比如下面的2009年高考英语辽宁卷,那该怎么办?
(2009?辽宁) He did not contact(联系)his father for a whole year 45 one day he saw in the street an old man who looked like his father. He 46 he bad to go back home and see his father.
46. A learned         B realized接事       C recognized接人      D admitted
2009年高考英语辽宁卷就出现了这种情况,不过没关系,我们在一本通教案中都做了相关词汇的辩析,就如同上面的一样,很容易就知道答案是B啦!

为了让您深信不疑,我们再举个例子, decide 95%是完形答案, know是三类高频词, 2011年福建卷和2010年辽宁卷毫无疑问选了decided. 关键是2009年辽宁卷decide和know两个词都出现了,该怎么办?
(2011?福建卷)When arriving in Canada in 2008,she had one  37   ;to  have what she had back Home in Colombia.”I didn’t want to  38  what I do ,like so many who come to a new Country,” she said .”I  39  to open a store here in Canada but knew I had to 40   myself properly.”
39. A. demanded        B. decided         C. agreed           D. hesitated
(2010?辽宁)I really wondered why my aunt __43_ to make things so difficult for me. Now, after studying English at university for three years, I _44__ that monolingual dictionaries are __45_ in learning a foreign language
43.A.offered          B.agreed         C.decided         D.happened
(2009?辽宁)A young man was getting ready to graduate from college. For many months he had 36 a beautiful sports car in a dealer’s showroom, and 37 his father could well 38 it, he told him that was all he wanted.
37. A finding           B proving          C deciding          D knowing
此题找到主语即动作发出者he时,代入两个词,He    his father……,他决定他父亲还是他知道他父亲?当然知道通顺了,很快突破,选了D. 

actually = in fact =as a matter of fact 事实上 强调时或看到插入语I think, I believe, there is时,选in fact或actually.
◆As I found out, there is,   46  , often no perfect equivalence(对应)between two    47   in two languages.                 强调!
46. A. at least B. in fact C. at times D. in case

suddenly突然, 只要选项里出现,一般都是答案!
◆What laughing 42  we had about the  43  respectable method for moving spaghetti from plate to mouth.   44 , I wanted to write about that, but I wanted to 45  it down simply for my own 46 , not for Mr. Fleagle, my composition teacher.   47  , I would write something else.
44. A. Especially B. Probably     C. Suddenly    D. Fortunately
◆And so we  27  for another ten minutes,until  28  my daughter burst into tears,and  29  that she was beaten.
28.A.nervously B.immediately     C.strangely    D.suddenly
(2008?四川)“If you’re going to play it  26  ,you’re going to play it slowly.”And so we  27  for another ten minutes,until  28  my daughter burst into tears,and  29  that she was beaten.
28.A.nervously  B.immediately     C.strangely     D.suddenly

gradually逐渐地, come to realize gradually  recover gradually ,即看到come to 或recover就选gradually.
◆   50   , she insisted that I read the definition(定义)of a word in a monolingual dictionary  51  I wanted to get a better understanding of its meaning. 52 , I have come to see what she meant.
52. A. Largely B. Generally C. Gradually D. Probably

高频核心短语(以介词和副词为中心及连词搭配) 
请看2011年福建卷中after all 和above all都是高频短语答案词! 转折时用after all,并列或above all if……时,用above all!
(2011?福建卷)Looking back, Diana, a fashion(时装)designer,   54  her achievements to the goal she set, the education she received from the college, and   55  the efforts she made. Now Diana is very happy doing what she is doing. 
55. A. after all     B. above all     C. at least     D. at first  
And时选above all ,but时选after all.方法很具体,很实在!是对2012吴军高考英语高分密码的细节补充!
高频短语either…or…, from…to…, between…and…, not…but…, would rather…than…等是解决看不懂长句的法宝!
(2011?天津卷)Your words became my motto. I   31   found myself in the unique position of being either the first (woman doctor in Maryland Rotary)  32  one of the few women (chief medical reporters) in my field. I gained strength every time I said , “Yes, I’ll try that.”
32. A. and          B. but        C. or           D. for
通过搭配either……or……,很快作出2011年天津卷32题的答案是C.or.
(2011?北京卷)With my    52    self-confidence comes more praise from teachers and classmates. I have gone from   “53”   in the back of the classroom and not wanting to call attention to myself,   54   raising my hand— even when I sometimes wasn’t and not 100 percent   55   I had the right answer. Now I have more self-confidence in myself.
54. A. by          B. for         C. with           D. to
通过搭配from……to……,很快作出2011年天津卷32题的答案是D.to.

Where是高频答案词!
1.从属连词,引导地点状语从句。
The famous scientist grew up where he was born and in 1930 he came to Shanghai. 
2.关系副词。用于定从。
There were dirty marks on her trousers where she had wiped her bands.
3.连接副词,用于名词性从句。
You are saying that everyone should be equal and this is where I disagree.
〖2011陕西卷〗I walked up to the top of the hill with my friends,       we enjoyed a splendid view of the lake.                       
A.which         B. where        C. who            D.that
〖2010全国Ⅰ〗We haven’t discussed yet ______ we are going to place our new furniture.
A. that           B. which         C. what           D. where
〖2010全国Ⅱ〗—Have you finished the book?
---No,I’ve read up to_________the children discover the secret cave.
A.which          B.what          C.that            D.where
〖2010江苏〗—I prefer shutting myself in and listening to music all day on Sundays.
            —That’s_______I don’t agree. You should have a more active life.
A.where         B.how           C.when           D.what
〖2010重庆〗Today, we will begin _____we stopped yesterday so that no point will be left out.
A. when      B. where    C. how           D. what
〖2009江苏〗   __ unemployment and crime are high, it can be assumed that the latter is due to the former.
A. Before        B. Where         C. Unless        D. Until

高频句型核心词 对完形和单选有快速突破作用,同时对作文造句起到立竿见影的功效!
It’s (There’s ) no use / good doing………
It’s (There’s) no sense / point (in) doing……
no   wonder难怪
                 hurry不着急
doubt毫无疑问
excuse没有理由(借口)
way决不
delay毫不犹豫
〖2008江苏〗—I can’t repair these until tomorrow, I’m afraid.
—That’s OK, there’s ______.
A. no problem   B. no wonder C. no doubt   D. no hurry
no problem意思是 “没问题”, 通常单独使用或用That’s no problem;(It’s) no wonder…意思是 “难怪”;There is no doubt…意思是 “毫无疑问”。〖答案〗D
〖2003北京〗—_____I’m sorry I stepped outside for a smoke.I was very tired. 
—There is no______ for this while you are on duty. 
A.reason              B.excuse         C.cause           D.explanation
excuse理由、借口。说话人意为:你在值班的时候是没有任何理由出去的。reason原因;cause事情起因;explanation解释, 与句意不符。〖答案〗B
〖2006全国Ⅱ〗It is no           arguing with Bill because he will never change his mind.
A. use            B. help                C.time               D.way
it is no use后接动词+ing形式或动词+ing形式短语表示做某事没有用。help意为 “帮助”。time意为 “时间”。way意为 “方法”。〖答案〗A
〖2009福建〗The World Health Organization gave a warning to the public without any ______  when the virus of H1N1 hit Mexico in April, 2009.                     =with no        
   A. delay          B. effort        C. schedule       D. consideration
delay:耽搁, 延误;effort:努力;schedule:时间表;consideration:考虑, 体谅;关心。当H1N1型2009年4月袭击墨西哥时, 世界卫生组织毫不犹豫地向人们提出了警告。选A。
阅读词汇题及完形熟词僻义高频考点 
您知道的sense是[感官]的意思,point是[小数点]的意思,如果你不知道他们的僻义是[意义]的话,下面的高考完形真题,您能答对吗?
(2008?安徽卷)What is the 52 of studying towns in the way? For me, it is simply that one gets a greater depth of pleasure by visiting and seeing a town with one’s own eyes. A personal visit to a town may help one better understand why it is attractive than just reading about it in a guide-book. 
52. A. point     B. view     C. problem     D. difficulty
(2004?重庆卷)“This scar will be lasting,but to this day, I have never regretted what I did.”At this point, the little boy came out running toward his mother with tears in his eyes. He held her mother  in his arms and felt a great __54____ of the sacrifice that his mother had made for him. He held her hand tightly for the tightly of the day.
54.A honor     B.sense     C.happiness  D.pride
(2008?四川卷)...Clearly I had made mistakes. I had started the evening wanting to have a happy time with my daughter but had allowed my desire to win to become more important than my relationship with my daughter. When I was a child, my desire to win 34 me well. As a parent, I realized that it got in my way. So I had to change.
34  A  offered     B  served      C  controlled    D  taught
(2006?全国卷I)…A waiter appeared. He paused for just a second, walked into the water to set the table and take their order,and then walked back to the loud cheers of the rest of his customers. Minutes later he returned carrying a bottle of wine and two glasses. Without pausing, he went once more into the water to 50 the wine.The couple toasted each other ,the waiter and the crowd…
50. A. change    B. drink       C. sell     D. serve
(2004?全国卷I)It was the night before the composition was due. As I looked at the list of topics (题目) , "The Art of Eating Spaghetti (意大利面条) " caught my eye. The word "spaghetti" brought back the memory of an evening at Uncle Alien' s in Belleville when all of us were seated around the table and Aunt Pat 38 spaghetti for supper. Spaghetti was an exotic (外来的) treat in those days. 
38  A cooked   B  served   C  got    D made
1.强调句与定语从句的对比
[1] It was in this city ______ he was born.
[2] It was this city ______ he was born.
[3] It was in 1989 ______ he was born.
[4] It was 1989 _____ he was born.
A. where   B. which    C. that    D. when
CACD
2.与其他从句的对比
[1] In my eyes, _______ is known to all _____ Chinese economy has taken off.
[2] ______ is known to all, Chinese economy has taken off.
[3] I took some medicine for the bad cold, but _____ didn’t help.
[4] I took some medicine for the bad cold, ______ didn’t help.
[5] I find ______ is a pity that he failed in the driving test.
A. which   B. that    C. it    D. As
[1] CB [2] D [3] C [4] A [5] C

3.与there be句型的对比
[1] ______ is no doubt that China plays an important role in the world affairs.
[2] ______ is no/little wonder that Liu Xiang is a flying man in the world.
[3] ______ is no point in working on his PhD.
[4] ______ is no knowing where she is now.
A. There   B. That    C. It    D. This
ACAA
阅读高频答案词  

表示可能的may和是might阅读高频答案词!
(2011湖北卷)54.What lesson has the author learnt from his experience?
A. Learning form parents is necessary.
B. Jumping to a conclusion is dangerous.
C. Telling the truth may not always be the best solution.
D. Selecting pleasant words may not be the perfect policy.
(2010广东卷)45. We can inter from the passage that Chinese English         .
A. is clear and natural to non-native speakers
B. is vivid and direct to non-native speakers
C. has a verv bad reputation in America
D. may bring inconvenience in America 

(2010江苏卷)62.According to those against killing wolves,when wolves eat other animals,       .
A.they never eat strong and healthy ones
  B.they always go against the law of nature
C.they might help this kind of animals survive in nature
D.they disturb the ecological balance in the wilderness

表示范围大的different和various是 阅读高频答案词!
(2011?重庆卷)74. The author mentioned the review in Nature in order to____.
A. voice a different opinion
B. find fault with Lomborg’s book  
C. challenge the authority of the media
D. point out the value of scientific views.
(2010?重庆卷)What is surprising about the standard of the clothing industry?
A. It has been followed by the industry for over 400 years.
B. It is different for men’s clothing and women’s.
C. It woks better with men than with women.
D. It fails to consider right-handed people.
(2010江苏)China’s new high-speed railway plan will be a win-win project because           .
A.China will get much-needed resources and develop its western regions
B.China and the countries involved will benefit from the project in various ways
C.China will develop its railway system and communication with other countries
D.the foreign countries involved will develop their railway transportation,business and tourism
(2010广东卷)From Paragraph 5,we can learn that            .
A. mushrooms should not be eaten
B. vegetables are safer than meat and seafood
C. natural poisons are more dangerous than chemicals
D. different types of food should be handled differently
(2010江西卷)What can be inferred from Paragraph 3?
A. Body language is unique to humans.
B. Animals express emotions just as humans do.
C. Humans have other powers of communication.
D. Humans are no different from animals to some degree.

表示难的difficult, hard (trouble = difficulty)是阅读高频答案词!
(2011?辽宁卷)60. What is a problem with cyberschools?
A. Their equipment costs a lot of money.
B. They get little support from the state government.
C. It is hard to know students' progress in learning.
D. The students find it hard to make friends.
(2010?重庆卷)Women’s clothes still button from the left today because              .
A. adopting men’s style is improper for women 
B. manufacturers should follow standards
C. modern women dress themselves          
D. customs are hard to change
(2010?辽宁卷)What is the researchers' understanding of the New Zealand study results?
A. Poorly motivated 26-year-olds watch more TV.
B. Habits of TV watching reduce learning interest.
C. TV watching leads to lower education levels of the 15-year-olds.
D. The connection between TV and education levels is difficult to explain

(2010?四川卷)Which is true about the warship patrols according to the text?
A.The patrols are of little effect.
B.The patrols are more difficult.
C.More patrols are quite necessary even in Asia.
D.The patrols only drive the pirates to other areas.
(2010?山东卷)What can we learn from the last paragraph?
A. Fighting wastefulness is difficult.     
B. Needless material is mostly recycled.
C. People like collecting recyclable waste.
D. The author is proud of their consumer culture.
(2010?浙江卷)In his mother’s eyes, the writer_______.
A. was a born artist                       
B. always caused trouble
C. was a problem solver                   
D. worked very hard
不看文章和题干,只是比较四个选项,就能选出正确答案?!
遇到吃不准选项的题(即不会做的题),可以90%概率猜中正确答案?!
36. A. worried            B. sad            C. surprised     D. nervous
36题的正确答案是C, ABD都是一个人状态不好的倾向词,而C则为中性词,表述态度不一致者是答案。.
52. A. Largely            B. Generally           C. Gradually      D. Probably
52题的正确答案是C, ABD都是含义不肯定的副词,排除表述不明确的选项,答案就水落石出了. 如果你知道了这些秘诀,你就可以解决很多类似的完型填空题!
  试试看,只是比较选项,你是否能够在5秒之内选出正确答案?
56. From Paragragh 1 we learn that the villagers         .
         A.worked very hard for centuries
         B.dreamed of having a better life 
         C.were poor but somewhat content
       D.lived a different life from their forefathers
56题的正确答案是C, 选项中表述的内容前后相互矛盾的是答案! 思路很简单,如果你掌握了其中的秘诀,抛开文章,你也可以很快选出正确答案. 真的有这么神奇吗?是!一点儿没错!效果是绝对的真实!作为一种标准化考试,选择题本身是有很多缺陷的,这些缺陷就是暗示点,就是解题的突破口!本套密籍教案通过对10年真题的长时间的研究,对这些暗示点进行了全面、深入、细致的挖掘和整理,将其转化为超级解题秘诀!
35. A. eat up      B. deal with     C. throw away   D. send out
35题在B和C模棱两可处到底选哪个? 当然选范围大的,能包括另一个的,即选B.
再举个例子,假如2010年辽宁卷高考英语完形填空的47题,不知选哪个, 怎么办?
As I found out, there is,   46  , often no perfect equivalence(对应)between two    47   in two languages. My aunt even goes so far as to    48   that a Chinese “equivalent” can never give you the    49    meaning of a word in English!
47. A. words     B. names    C. ideas   D. characters
很简单,选A,勿须有任何的犹豫,为什么?复现法则!吴军英语高分密码会告诉你具体原因以及更多的解决“难题”的秘诀,都是非常的简单和直接.请记住!遇到“难题”,即使“猜”答案,也要“猜”的有理有据,切勿盲目的“猜”!
     The moment he was about to 47 the hospital, he saw on the desk the  48  new book ,just as he had left it one 49 ago.
     48. A much        B still         C hardly       D quite
很简单,选B,为什么?答案高频词汇倾向归纳让你笑逐颜开!
高频形容词 \ 副词: suddenly, even, finally, first, last, again, also, however, though, although, yet, instead, even though, but, still等.
举几个2012高考英语辽宁卷单选的例子:
22. We used to see each other       , but I haven’t head from him since last year. 
A. especially        B. regularly       C. particularly        D. approximately

故只有D符合。
23. — I’m terribly sorry to interrupt, but may I use your phone? It’s rather urgent. 
— Yes,      .  
    A. with pleasure      B.  no burry       C. it doesn’t matter    D. of course

Shall用于第二、第三人称,表示说话人给对方命令、警告、允诺或威胁。这儿是说根据学校规定学生在校时都必须要穿校服。
24. One of our rules is that every student       wear school uniform while at school. 
A. might         B. could        C. shall          D. will

有宾语主动,无宾语被动!follow后面有宾语,with的宾语后面可加形容词、副词、分词、不定式、名词等作宾补,这儿pet dog与follow构成主谓关系,所以用following.
25. The old couple often take a walk after supper in the park with their pet dog       them. 
    A. to follow      B. following      C. followed       D. follows

Rod喜欢拆卸钟表,然而,他从来都不能再重新装好。所以选B项。另外However两边句子相反,看到put…… together, 当然相反的就是taking apart啦!
26. Rod loves     clocks. However, he never manages to put them together again. 
A. taking apart    B. giving away    C. making up     D. turning off

one作“一个”,“一本”,“一件”等解,用来代替上文提到过的paper。相当于a copy of paper.
28. If you’re buying today’s paper from the stand, could you get      for me?
A. one           B. such          C. this           D. that
选C项。
30. Leave your key with your neighbor     you lock yourself out one day. 
     A. as long as      B. even though    C. in case        D. as if 

高考语法与词汇单项选择题,Not until位于句首时句子要倒装,consider having a holiday abroad这个动作发生在retire之后,所以用一般过去时。
32. Not until he retired from teaching three years ago       having a holiday abroad. 
A. he had considered           B. had he considered         
C. he considered              D. did he consider

高考语法与词汇单项选择题3天提分密码B-1第26页,在句型 “It’s high/ very time that…”中, 从句中的谓语动词用did或should do.所以选D项。
33. Jack is a great talker. It’s high time that he     something instead of just talking. 
       A. will do        B. has done        C. do         D. did 

高考语法与词汇单项选择题3天提分密码B-2第18页,名词性从句4个高频答案词,介词for后面加的是宾语从句,且从句中find缺少宾语,故用whatever,选C。
34. The newcomer went to the library the other day and scarched for        he could find about Mark Twain. 
    A.  wherever        B.  however      C. whatever    D. whichever


二、完形技巧+高频答案词,挑战高分!
举几个2012高考英语辽宁卷完形填空的例子来回忆一下吴军老师的完形易经,骄傲一下自己当时精明的选择!

首尾或上下段落呼应,复现解决问题!
When Glen Kruger picked a small cat from an animal shelter, he did not expect much.  Yet right from the start, eight years ago, there was an uncommon connection between him and the small black cat. He  36   her Inky. 
“ I grew up on a hundred-acre farm and had only cats  37  playmates,”Kruger,The seventy-year-old man,says. “My hearing was damaged by the    38   of farm epuipment , so I learned to connect with  39   .  
39. A. animals      B. friends        C. farmers         D. neghbors
46  in a pool of blood on the basement floor, Kruger felt   47  going into shock(休克).  He shouted for help ,  48   his wife, Brenda , was asleep in their bedroom at the opposite end of the house.  49   Kruger noticed Inky watching from the top of the stairs. 
   “Go get Brenda, ” Krugger said to Inky. 
Inky 50  to the bedroom door and scratched   51   until Brenda opened it. Then Inky led her to the  52   Brenda found her husband  53   the stairs and called 911.  
52. A. bedroom     B. basement       C yard           D. house
通过同现解决问题!
看到rushed后就知道很匆忙,故50空纠结时,通过同现校正答案,就不能误选C了,ran与rushed同现;51空是C还是D呢?Inky是猫,madly更贴切;53空,叫911送医院了,说明掉楼梯底下了。
Inky 50  to the bedroom door and scratched   51   until Brenda opened it. Then Inky led her to the  52   Brenda found her husband  53   the stairs and called 911. Kruger was rushed to the hospital.
50.  A. walked         B. ran                C. returned          D. withdrew
51.  A. rapidly         B. suddenly           C. madly            D . urgently
53.  A. at the bottom of  B. in the middle of     C. at the top of        D. in the front of

通过正负解决问题!
“My hearing was damaged by the    38   of farm epuipment , so I learned to connect with  39   .  They react to what they see and what you do. ”
38. A. sound        B. alarm         C. noise           D. voice

三、英语阅读
    找不到主旨句或四个选项都带中心词时,看出题点,即每段首尾句和有汉语标注的地方等,然后通过复现和同现就解决了!
Astronauts on shorter shuttle missions(使命)often work very long days. Tasks are scheduled so tightly that break times are often used to finish the day’s work. This type of schedute is far too demanding for long missions on the Internaitional Space Sttation(ISS). ISS crewmembers usually live in space for at least a quarter of a year. They work five days on and two days off to mimic the normal way they do things on Earth as much as possible. Weekends give the crew valuable. Weekends give the crew valuable time to rest and do a few hours of housework. They can communicate with family and friends by email, isternet phone and throhgh Private video conferenes. 
    While astronauts cannot go to a baseball game or a movie in orbit, there are many familiar activetics that they can still enjoy. Before a mission. The family and friends of each ISS crewmember put together a collection of family photos, messages, videos and reading material for 
The astromauts to look at when they will be floating 370 kilometers above the Earth. During their missiom, the crew also receives care packages with CDs, books, magazines, photos and letters . And as from early 2010, the internet became available on the ISS , giving astronaouts the chance to do some “web surfing (冲浪)”in  their personal time. Besides relaxing with these more commom entertainments, astromauts can simply enjoy the experience of living in space. 
Many astronauts say that one of the most relaxing things to do in space is to look out the window and stare at the universe and the Earth’s vast land mass and oceans. 
63. The passage mainly discusses how astronauts          . (2012辽宁卷阅读B篇)
       A. work for longer missions in space    B. connect with people on the Earth
C. observe the Earth from space        D. spend their free time in space

词汇13大解题思路使您茅塞顿开!本题仅用代入法就解决了问题!
Astronauts on shorter shuttle missions(使命)often work very long days. Tasks are scheduled so tightly that break times are often used to finish the day’s work. This type of schedute is far too demanding for long missions on the Internaitional Space Sttation(ISS). ISS crewmembers usually live in space for at least a quarter of a year. They work five days on and two days off to mimic the normal way they do things on Earth as much as possible. Weekends give the crew valuable. Weekends give the crew valuable time to rest and do a few hours of housework.
60. What does the word “minic”in Paragraph 1 probably mean?(2012辽宁卷阅读B篇)
       A. Find       B. Copy    C. Change     D. Lose
  找到minic这个动词的宾语way,way they do things做事的方式,Find 发现?;Copy 模仿?Change 改变?Lose 失去?way they do things做事的方式,当然是模仿做事的方式喽!

A大于B,则选A。
In the past two decades, the Chinese studies programs have gained huge popularity in Western universities. More recently, the Chinese government has set up Confucius Institutes in more than 80 countries. These schools teach both Chinese language and culture. The main courses of Chinese culture usually included Chinese art, history and philosophy(哲学). Some social scientists suggest that Westerners should take advantages of the ancient Chinese wisdom to make up for the drawbacks of Westerners philosophy. Students in the United States, at the same time, are racing to learn Chinese. So they will be ready for life in a world where China is an equal power with the United States. Businessmen who hope to make money in China are reading books about Confucius to understand their Chinese customers.  
65. We can learn from Paragraph 4 that American students______。(2012辽宁卷阅读C篇)
A. have a great interest in studying Chinese
B. take an active part in Chinese competitions
C. try to get high scores in Chinese exams
D. fight for a chance to learn Chinese
65题根据题干关键字American students文章定位,就近原则参考点为racing to learn Chinese. 有些同学在A和D之间纠结。如果确实区分有困难的话,可以根据“A大于D,则选A。”原则,则选A。

A risky business plan, perhaps, but SAME Café has done one unchangeable thing in the Mile High City for six years: Open only at midday, the restaurant provides poor local can instead volunteer as waiters and waitresses, and dishwashers, or took after the buildings and equipment for the 
cafe.(2012辽宁卷阅读D篇)
69. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?
A.The customers who cannot pay can word as volunteers instead. 
B.More volunteers will go to new Orleans for the hurricane cleanup. 
C.Many new cafes will be opened to offer free lunches in the town. 
D.The lunch menu has remained the same since the café was started. 

 69题出题点在尾句,更有出题信号词instead ;选项中A是前后矛盾的句子,符合答案特征; 选项A中含有的volunteers是文章反复出现的中心词,所以答案就可以选A了.

四、答踢步骤:
首句定位;排比;逻辑关系;指代+同现或复现;连接词+同现或复现;先易后难,缩小范围,从而高分突破!
How to Make Friends
Friendship is a very important human relationship and everyone needs good friends.  Good friendship has many benefits. It offers companionship, improves self-worth and promotes good health.  There are times in our lives such as when we have recently moved into a new town, or changed our jobs or schools. Such changes often leaves us without a friend   71 . But for many of us the process is difficult and requires courage.  Below are some helpful suggestions on how to make and keep friends. 
1. Associate with others. 
The first step to making friends is associating with other people. You can go to public places to meet new people.  Besides, you will need to make yourself known by becoming an active member of such places. 
2.Start a conversation
Starting a conversation is the second most important step in making new friends.   72    You can always start the conversation. Being able to make small talk is a very useful skill in relating with other people.  
3.   73    
Choosing friends with common interests is important in building friendship as these interests would always bring you and your friend together, Hanging out will always be a pleasant experience. 
4.Let it grow. 
It is a good thing to stay in touch. However, try not to press your new friend with calls, messages or visits as this would likely wear him or her out and finally you may lose your friend.    74   . The best friendships are the ones that grow naturally. 
5.Enjoy your friendship
The best way to enjoy your friendship is to allow your friends to be themselves.     75    Try not to change them from who they are to what you want them to be. Become the kind of friend you will want your friend to be to you. 
A. Be cheerful.          
B. Do things together.         
C. Do not wait to be spoken to.          
D. Try not to find fault with your friends. 
E. Making new friends comes easy for some people. 
F. For a friendship to develop you need to stay in touch. 
G. So you will need to give your friend time to react to you. 
71空发现复现词friend,根据吴军高考英语7选5法则转折关系(形容词或副词相反,转折),选E;  72空根据吴军7选5法则同现原则, spoken to与conversation关联,所以选C;  73空看到每段都是祁使句,而只有B项中有与原文中的复现词together,所以选B;  74空就近原则指代一致you,复现一致your friend,所以选G;  75空后面有them,说明前面有复数名词,再加上否定句结构排比Try not to,所以75空选D.
五、改错探秘, 
Dear Diana,
Thank you for the lovely day we have with you. It was so kind for you to let us bring Anne's
                           had                     of
friend. Gina. Unfortunate, the only problem was the journey home. There had been a terrible
Unfortunately
accident on the highway and, for a result, there was a long line of traffic for at least six mile. In
as                                            miles
the end, we drove to a service station and waited there unless the road was clear. In the car park 
                                            until                    
here,Gina nearly got knocked over as ∧car drove out far too quickly from behind a lorry. They
there                           a                                         We
finally dropped Gina off at her parents' and made our own way to home.

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